CONTABLES E INCONTABLES

La principal diferencia entre sustantivos contables e incontables es que los

es que los sustantivos contables se pueden contar, mientras que los incontables no. Por ejemplo:

 

A table, two tables, three tables (una mesa, des mesas, tres mesas)

 

Ejemplos de sustantivos incontables:

 

* milk (the milk is in the fridge).

* water (there isn't much water in the bottle).

* rice (I would like to eat some rice).

* sugar (How much sugar is there left?)

 

* money (I need some money to buy a smartphone).

 

LOS CUANTIFICADORES

 

 

Los cuantificadores nos ayudan a identificar y a distinguir los sustantivos contables de los incontables. Por ejemplo, "many" y "few" suelen acompañar a nombres contables mientras que "much" y "little"acompañan a incontables. Por ejemplo: 

 

much money (mucho dinero)

little food (poca comida)

many tables (muchas mesas)

few oranges (pocas naranjas)

 

Hay cuantificadores que pueden ser utilizados tanto para contables como incontables:

 

1. ENOUGH

 

* There were not enough students in the classroom.

 

* I don't have enough money to buy that car.

 

2. NO

 

* There were no people in the streets.

 

* I asked the teacher, but I received no help.

 

3. ANY

 

* There weren't any student on strike.

* There wasn't any water left.

 

4. SOME 

 

* There are some books on the table.

* I have some money in my pocket.

 

5. A LOT OF / LOTS OF

 

Ambos significan lo mismo y expresan "una gran cantidad de":

 

* He has got a lot of money in his wallet.

* He has got lots of money in his wallet.

 

* There are a lot of oranges at home.

* There are lots of oranges at home.

 

6. MOST

 

* He was the most great presents for his birthday.

 

* She was given the most money for her great project.

 

7. ALL

 

* Not all people are interested on politics.

* I have been waiting for you all the morning.

 

 

LOS ARTÍCULOS A, AN

 

 

 

Los artículos "a / an" no pueden utilizarse utilizarse con sustantivos incontables, pero si pueden ayudar a un sustantivo a expresar una cantidad. Por ejemplo, los líquidos en inglés son incontables, pero no el recipiente donde se vierten. Por ejemplo:

 

a cup of tea (una taza de té)

a glass of water (un vaso de agua)

a lot of money (mucho dinero)