PRESENTE SIMPLE INGLÉS


FORMACIÓN

AFIRMATIVA

 

Sujeto+infinitivo+complemento

 

En 3º persona del singular añadimos -s/-es/-ies

 

They work hard / She works hard/ She watches TV/ She studies music/ She plays volleyball

 

NEGATIVA

 

Sujeto+don’t/doesn’t + infinitivo+com

 

(No se añade –s en 3ºPS)

 

They don’t work hard/ She doesn’t work hard/ She doesn’t watch TV/She doesn’t study music/ She doesn’t play volleyball

 

INTERROGATIVA

 

Do/Does + sujeto + infinitivo?

 

(No se añade –s en 3ºPS)

 

Do they work hard? Does she work hard?/ Does she watch TV?/Does she study music? / Does she play volleyball?


USO

Acciones que se repite con cierta frecuencia, como rutinas, hábitos, acciones que realizamos a diario.  Ejemplos:

 

Steve goes to school everyday

He visits his uncle twice a week

 

. Situaciones permanentes

 

John works in Iberia

 

. Verdades absolutas

 

Water boils at 100º degrees

 

. Para horarios de transportes

 

The train leaves at 7 o’clock

 


ADVERBIOS

(EXPRESIONES TEMPORALES)

 

Always, often, usually, occasionally, sometimes, rarely, hardly ever, scarcely, never, every week, once / twice a year, on Wednesday...

 


VERBOS ESTÁTICOS

(Stative verbs)

 

Los verbos estativos se refieren al estado de las cosas más que ana acción y normalmente no se utilizan en forma continua o progresiva (-ing). Estos verbos expresan:

 

1. Sentidos: feel, hear, smell, sound, see, taste, notice, recognise.

2. Actividades mentales: appear, believe, consider, depend, doubt, expect, forget, forgive, guess, hope, imagine, know, mean, mind, prefer, realise, remember, seem, suppose, think, understand.

3. Posesión: belong to, have, own, owe, possess.

4. Emotion: adore, desire, dislike, fear, hate, like, love, need, want, wish.

5. Measurements: cost, equal, messuare, weigh

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