Description: Comparative and superlative in English. In this section we analyze the use and formation of the comparative and the superlative. In addition, we analyze irregular comparatives and superlatives in English. You can access our online exercises with self-evaluation.
There are three different types of comparative structures in English: INFERIORITY, EQUALITY AND SUPERIORITY
1) INFERIORITY COMPARATIVE:
Structure: [less + than] ///// [not as .......as]
Example: He is less intelligent than you
Example: He is not as intelligent as you
NOTE: "Less" is usually used fot uncountables and "fewer" for countables.
2) EQUALITY COMPARATIVE:
Structure: [as + as]
Example: He is as intelligent as you
3) SUPERIORITY COMPARATIVE
This type of comparative has two different structures depending on the lenght of the adjective:
SHORT ADJECTIVES [-er + than]
Example: He is taller than me
LONG ADJECTIVES [more + than]
Example: He is more intelligent than me
Pretty - Prettier (The "y" is substituted by "i", and after that we add "-er".
Large - Larger (We add just one "r" because the adjective finishes in "-e".
Big - Bigger (If an adjective finishes in consonat+vowel+consonant, the last consonant is doubled and "-er" is added).
IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES IN COMPARATIVE
Good - Better
Bad - Worse
Far - Further
In English, the superlative also has two different structures depending on the adjective length:
Structure: [the + -est]
Example: He is the tallest boy in the classroom
Structure: [ the most + adjetivo]
Example: He is the most intelligent boy in the classroom
IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES IN SUPERLATIVE
Good - The best
Bad - The worst
Far - The furthest