CONDITIONAL SENTENCES IN ENGLISH

Three different types of conditional sentenses can be distinguished:

 

 

 

FIRST CONDITIONAL

 

 

It refers to an action which will generally happen in the future (future possibility).

 

[if + present simple] + [future simple(will)] 

 

If he finishes his homework, he’ll go to the cinema.

 

 

 

SECOND CONDITIONAL

 

 

It refers to a hypothetical or imaginary situation in the present or future; also used to express advice, hope or ambition.

 

[if + past simple] + [conditional simple (would)] 

 

If I met Leonardo DiCaprio, I’d ask him for his autograph.

  

 

THIRD CONDITIONAL

 

 

It refers to an unfulfilled condition in the past which may be used to express regret about the past.

 

[if + past perfect simple] + [conditional perfect] (would have + participle ) 

 

If she had got up earlier, she wouldn’t have missed the train.