COMPARATIVE IN ENGLISH

 

COMPARATIVE

 

 

There are three different types of comparative structures in English: INFERIORITY, EQUALITY AND SUPERIORITY

 

1) INFERIORITY COMPARATIVE:

 

Structure: [less + than] ///// [not as .......as] 

 

Example: He is less intelligent than you 

Example: He is not as intelligent as you 

 

NOTE: "Less" is usually used fot uncountables and "fewer" for countables. 

 

2) EQUALITY COMPARATIVE:

 

Structure: [as + as] 

 

Example: He is as intelligent as you 

 

3) SUPERIORITY COMPARATIVE

 

This type of comparative has two different structures depending on the lenght of the adjective:

 

SHORT ADJECTIVES [-er + than]

 

Example: He is taller than me 

 

LONG ADJECTIVES [more + than] 

 

Example: He is more intelligent than me 

 

 

SPECIAL SPELLING

 

Pretty - Prettier (The "y" is substituted by "i", and after that we add "-er".

Large - Larger (We add just one "r" because the adjective finishes in "-e".

Big - Bigger (If an adjective finishes in  consonat+vowel+consonant, the last consonant is doubled and "-er" is added).

 

IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES IN COMPARATIVE

 

 Good  - Better 

 Bad -    Worse

 Far -     Further 

 


SUPERLATIVE IN ENGLISH


SUPERLATIVE

 

 

In English, the superlative also has two different structures depending on the adjective length:

 

 

SHORT ADJECTIVES 

 

Structure: [the + -est]

 

Example: He is the tallest boy in the classroom 

 

LONG ADJECTIVES

 

Structure: [ the most + adjetivo]

 

Example: He is the most intelligent boy in the classroom 

 

IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES IN SUPERLATIVE

 

Good -  The best 

Bad -    The worst 

Far -     The furthest