CONTABLES E INCONTABLES

La principal diferencia entre sustantivos contables e incontables es que los

es que los sustantivos contables se pueden contar, mientras que los incontables no. Por ejemplo:


A table, two tables, three tables (una mesa, des mesas, tres mesas)


Ejemplos de sustantivos incontables:


* milk (the milk is in the fridge).

* water (there isn't much water in the bottle).

* rice (I would like to eat some rice).

* sugar (How much sugar is there left?)

* money (I need some money to buy a smartphone).


LOS CUANTIFICADORES



Los cuantificadores nos ayudan a identificar y a distinguir los sustantivos contables de los incontables. Por ejemplo, "many" y "few" suelen acompañar a nombres contables mientras que "much" y "little"acompañan a incontables. Por ejemplo: 


much money (mucho dinero)

little food (poca comida)

many tables (muchas mesas)

few oranges (pocas naranjas)


Hay cuantificadores que pueden ser utilizados tanto para contables como incontables:


1. ENOUGH


* There were not enough students in the classroom.


* I don't have enough money to buy that car.


2. NO


* There were no people in the streets.


* I asked the teacher, but I received no help.


3. ANY


* There weren't any student on strike.

* There wasn't any water left.


4. SOME 


* There are some books on the table.

* I have some money in my pocket.


5. A LOT OF / LOTS OF


Ambos significan lo mismo y expresan "una gran cantidad de":


* He has got a lot of money in his wallet.

* He has got lots of money in his wallet.


* There are a lot of oranges at home.

* There are lots of oranges at home.


6. MOST


* He was the most great presents for his birthday.


* She was given the most money for her great project.


7. ALL


* Not all people are interested on politics.

* I have been waiting for you all the morning.



LOS ARTÍCULOS A, AN




Los artículos "a / an" no pueden utilizarse utilizarse con sustantivos incontables, pero si pueden ayudar a un sustantivo a expresar una cantidad. Por ejemplo, los líquidos en inglés son incontables, pero no el recipiente donde se vierten. Por ejemplo:


a cup of tea (una taza de té)

a glass of water (un vaso de agua)

a lot of money (mucho dinero)